Please bear in mind, the estimates of time requirements for each process are entirely dependent on the client's needs.  If the personnel taking the training have no experience with a given process, more time is required - both in the classroom and the shop. 

Time estimates are for planning purposes only - to aid in prioritizing the training topics, and to determine whether to plan for a 1-day or a multi-day training event.

To use the "Time Requirement For Seminar" estimator spreadsheet, Click Here
(The link will open a new tab, taking you to my Google Drive spreadsheet)

The main cutting processes used in maintenance are:


  1. PAC

    • Plasma Arc Cutting​​

  2. CAC-A

    • Carbon Arc Cutting - Air

    • also called "carbon arc" or "air arc"

  3. Thermal Lance

    • also called "oxygen lance"

  4. Oxy-fuel Cutting  (click link, then scroll to bottom of page)

    • (same as Oxy-fuel Safety training page)

  5. MMA* gouging

    • Manual Metal Arc Gouging

    • also called gouge rod or chamfer rod

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*  No, it's not mixed martial arts, it's manual metal arc - what they call it in Europe.  There is no AWS acronym for it, so I had to look overseas.  In America, we just call it gouge rod.

The main welding processes used in maintenance are:

  1. SMAW / "stick"

    • Shielded Metal Arc Welding

  2. GTAW / TIG

    • Gas Tungsten Arc Welding

    • Tungsten Inert Gas

  3. GMAW / MIG

    • Gas Metal Arc Welding

    • Metal Inert Gas

  4. FCAW-s

    • Flux Cored Arc Welding - self-shielded

    • commonly called "flux core"

  5. FCAW-g

    • Flux Cored Arc Welding - gas shielded

    • commonly called "dual shield*"

* Dual Shield is a trade name owned by ESAB
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Note:  The purpose of this training is to help mechanics, technicians & other maintenance personnel who weld or make repair decisions - do so effectively, so that quality repairs can be made.


Practical, real-world situations & challenges are discussed and practiced throughout this training.

Welding certifications, testing & codes are not the focus of this series.